US vs UK book covers

For those that are self-publishing e-books, the simplest solution is to have one cover across all markets.

And of course why not?  Hollywood blockbusters have the same look from one market to another – as do CDs and games.

The rise in importance of the internet and social media in fact make it all the more sensible to have one cover.   If your marketing is global, so should your packaging be, right?

But here’s the interesting thing – it doesn’t often work that way in publishing.

That is partly because of the way publishing rights are often carved up and sold to different publishers in separate territories, each often with a unique vision in how to best position that author in their market.  However, I’d also argue that there is a definite consumer preference (in the UK certainly) for covers tailored to their own market.

Let’s look at a few examples of the different covers in the US and the UK for some big brand name authors who are successful in both.  Which covers would you be more likely to pick up?  Do your choices broadly align with the market you are most familiar with?

image

image

image

image

image

Working in the UK publishing industry, I quite often find US covers completely unsuitable for our market.  That is not to say that the US publishers have done a bad job with the cover design – we’ve just looked at several examples of pretty different cover styles that have worked very well the States.  But would the US covers have done equally well if they were used in the UK?

I’ve seen first-hand the massive difference a cover can make to sales – both in terms of selling the book into retailers (admittedly not an issue with publishing digitally) and in terms of consumer purchase.  In the majority of cases US covers just don’t cut it for the UK market, and I would imagine exactly the same is true visa-versa.

A lot the reason for this is that a reader’s frame of reference for what a good thriller, or romance, or historical novel look like is coloured by books they have read in the past.  And given the divergent cover art traditions, those frames of reference are defined by where (which country) they buy their books.

That’s not to say that there aren’t some cover designs that work in both markets – Stephanie Meyer’s Twilight series is a perfect example of one that has.  In fact, with the paranormal genre in general, as strongly led as it is by US authors and without a strong existing tradition in cover art, the same covers are more often used in both the US and the UK.

In the next 5-10 years, I think we’ll see a big move towards one cover design being used for an author across all (or at least most) markets - prompted by the rise of e-books and the pressure for simultaneous publication across the globe.

Taking into account the contrasting starting points for consumers though this convergence will have to be handled carefully.  And to maximise sales across all markets, those covers will need to be designed with a global audience, not just the US or UK, in mind.

So, what is the answer for authors?

If you are self-publishing, then for most authors having two different covers designed won’t be an option.  What might be worth considering in your cover brief is researching and referencing both US and other English Language markets to ensure you’re not alienating readers elsewhere.

If you’re a published author, when judging the covers that your publisher is using in the different territories, have a check what the covers of your closest competitors look like in those markets.  If your designs stand up well against those designs, then likelihood is that your publisher is doing a good job.

Copycat covers - the sincerest form of flattery?

One route for cover design is to create an original, creative, stand out piece of art captures the very essence of your writing and absolutely compels the reader to pick it up.

Another route is to identify an exceptionally successful author that you’re similar to – and rip off their look.

The first route will be massively rewarding, gain you many admirers – and work about once in every 20 attempts. 

The second route will often be criticised as unimaginative and derivative – but done well will work almost every time.

Copying an established cover route is often a very commercial approach to design for a couple of reasons:

1   It takes the risk out of the design.  Established authors will likely have been through several cover design incarnations to find a successful route – so learn from their mistakes.

2   Consumers recognise the cover looks of big name authors, usually with positive associations.  Making your cover look similar helps to instantly position your book in a consumer’s mind.

If you have the time, the creative vision, the worlds best designer and the luxury of being able to try again repeatedly if you don’t succeed – you might want to consider the first option. 

Still unconvinced?  Here are a few examples of the copycat effect done well…

image

The Master:  Martina Cole

Effectively creating her own sub-genre, with her hard-hitting local gangsters, Martina Cole is nothing short of a publishing phenomenon – selling 6.6 million books in the UK since 2001.  Cole’s  2010 paperback Hard Girls has shifted 270,000 paperbacks as well as an incredible 250,000 in hardback.

The Apprentices

One of the earliest Martina-Cola-a-likes, Mandasue Heller used the Martina Cole look to reach between 40-80,000 sales per book in the UK.

Jessie Keane – helped with a ‘As good as Martina Cole or your money back’ guarantee launched to instant success.  She now regularly sells over 50,000 copies per book. 

A more recent addition to the fold, Roberta Kray (widow of real life gangster Reggie Kray) has also established herself – selling 30-50,000 copies.

Each of our apprentices, whilst not reaching the heights of the original, have established themselves as bestsellers in their own right – helped in no small part by their copycat covers.

image

The Master: Lee Child

If imitation is the sincerest form of flattery, then Lee Child (and the creator of his covers – the brilliant Henry Steadman) should not be able to stop blushing. 

One of the most copied cover styles (perhaps only behind Steadman’s equally excellent Dan Brown covers) – Child’s look took thrillers in an altogether softer direction, designed to appeal to a female audience.

Creator of thriller fiction’s number one hard guy – Jack Reacher – Lee has now sold over 4.5 million copies in the UK in the last ten years. 

His latest paperback, 61 Hours, is his bestselling to date – shifting more than 350,000 books (not including digital editions) since September 2010.

The Apprentices

In a notoriously competitive and crowded markets, ‘Child-like’ covers have helped establish a number of authors.

Matt Hilton racked up an impressive 35,000 copies with his first book Dead Men’s Dust.  Noah Boyd similarly shot to 25,000 copies with his first title – The Bricklayer.

Copycat covers aren’t solely the preserve of debuts though.  Vince Flynn has had a number of cover looks in the past few years in the UK, as his publisher struggled to establish him.   With his 2011 paperback American Assassin Flynn is the latest to be given the ‘pastel-colours-man-silhouetted-on-a-road’ treatment. 

The results are spectacular.  From just over 2,000 copies shifted in the first quarter for Pursuit of Honour (Aug 2010), American Assassin (May 2011) has rocketed to over 31,000 copies sold in its first month.

The lesson? Think carefully about the quickest and clearest way to position your stories to your potential readers.  If that is to be ‘like someone else’ – that is no bad thing.

And if it’s not broke – don’t fix it.